The AIF Project

Amos Austin BALDWIN

Regimental number2296
Place of birthOrroroo, South Australia
SchoolWalloway Plains State School, South Australia
OccupationFarm labourer
AddressOrroroo, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Height5' 3.25"
Weight124 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Elizabeth A Baldwin, Orroroo, South Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 6 months in the 24th Australian Light Horse Regiment; still serving at time of AIF enlistment..
Enlistment date15 May 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll15 May 1916
Place of enlistmentAdelaide, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name48th Battalion, 4th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/65/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A70 Ballarat on 12 August 1916
Regimental number from Nominal Roll2296A
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll48th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 11 April 1917
Place of death or woundingBullecourt, France
Date of death11 April 1917
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Adelaide, 12 August 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 30 September 1916, and marched in to 12th Training Bn.

Proceeded overseas to France, 20 November 1916.

Admitted to 24th General Hospital, Etaples, 3 December 1916 (mumps); transferred to 18th General Hospital, 10 December 1916; discharged to Base Depot, 23 December 1916; taken on strength, 48th Bn, in the field, 19 January 1917.

Allotted letter 'A' to Regimental Number owing to duplication.

Reported missing in Action, 11 April 1917.

Court of Enquiry, held in the field, 29 December 1917, pronounced fate as 'Killed in Action, 11 April 1917'.

Note, Red Cross File No 0200903: 'No trace Germany. Cert. by Capt. Mills 10/10/19.'

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, BALDWIN Amos Austin
Red Cross File No 0200903

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