The AIF Project

William Edward GROOM

Date of birth19 August 1888
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationClerk
AddressAshfield Elwood Street, Brighton, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation26
Height5' 7"
Weight140 lbs
Next of kinFather, William Groom, Ashfield Elwood Street, Brighton, Victoria
Previous military serviceServed for 2 years as a commissioned officer in the 51st Infantry
Enlistment date19 October 1914
Rank on enlistment2nd Lieutenant
Unit name14th Battalion, C Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/31/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A38 Ulysses on 22 December 1914
Rank from Nominal RollCaptain
Unit from Nominal Roll14th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 7 August 1915
Date of death7 August 1915
Age at death from cemetery records27
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 39), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
72
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: William and Charlotte GROOM, Elwood Street, Brighton, Victoria
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Promoted Lieutenant, 16 December 1914.

Embarked Melbourne, 22 December 1914.

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 12 April 1915.

Admitted to Hospital Ship 'Gloucester Castle' (bullet wound, ear and cheek), Gallipoli, 1 May 1915; transferred to No. 1 Australian General Hospital, Helliopolis, 13 May 1915.

Promoted Captain, 27 May 1915.

Rejoined 14th Bn, Gallipoli, 23 June 1915.

Killed in action, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, GROOM William Edward

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