|Place of birth||Darwen, England|
|School||St George's, Darwen, Lancashire, England|
|Age on arrival in Australia||19|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Address||c/o R Mascrop, Tingerup, Western Australia|
|Age at embarkation||21.4|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs M A Banks, 11 Gellibrand Street, Darwen, Lancashire, England|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||28th Battalion, D Company|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/45/1|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||28th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Date of death|
|Age at death from cemetery records||26|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.
The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.
On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.
After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: John Banks, husband of Holly Richardson (formerly Banks), 8 Clarence Street, Great Clowes Street, Lower Broughton, Salford, England. Born at Darwen, England|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 4 September 1915.
Disembarked Alexandria from Mudros, 10 January 1916 (general Gallipoli evacuation).
Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 16 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 21 March 1916.
Wounded in action, 4-5 August 1916 (shell shock); admitted to No 2 Field Ambulance, 6 August 1916, and transferred to 44th Casualty Clearing Station; to No 4 General Hospital, Camiers, 8 August 1916; to Base Depot, Camiers, 11 August 1916; rejoined Bn, in the field, 16 October 1916.
Wounded in action (second occasion), 3-6 November 1916 (shell shock), and admitted to 5th Field Ambulance, 6 November 1916; rejoined Bn, in the field, 11 November 1916.
On leave to England, 7 March 1917; rejoined Bn from leave, 20 March 1917.
Killed in action, 26 March 1917.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, BANKS Robert|