The AIF Project

Frederick HART

Regimental number1224
Place of birthStowmarket, Suffolk, England
SchoolChurch of England
Age on arrival in Australia24
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
Address91 Parramatta Road, Annandale, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation35
Next of kinWife, Mrs E Hart, 91 Parramatta Road, Annandale, Sydney, New South Wales
Enlistment date17 May 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll14 May 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit nameLight Trench Mortar Battery, Reinforcement 2
AWM Embarkation Roll number13/130/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A40 Ceramic on 7 October 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll17th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 20 September 1917
Place of death or woundingYpres, Belgium
Age at death32
Age at death from cemetery records32
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
83
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Son of Horace HART and his wife Elizabeth BERRY; husband of Emily HART, 'Branford', Illawarra Road, Undercliffe, New South Wales. Native of Stowmarket, Suffolk, England~
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked from Sydney, 7 October 1916; disembarked Plymouth, 21 November 1916. Transferred to 17th Bn, 6 February 1917.

Proceeded overseas to France, 10 April 1917; joined Bn, 2 May 1917.

Killed in action, 20 September 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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