The AIF Project


Regimental number1780
Place of birthBelfast, Ireland
Place of birthBelfast, Co Antrim, Ireland
SchoolMary Magdalene School (Catholic), Belfast, Ireland
Age on arrival in Australia24
ReligionChurch of England
AddressSwan Street, East Fremantle, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Height5' 8"
Weight141 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Mary Hawthorne, 45 Apsley Street, Belfast, Ireland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date14 January 1915
Place of enlistmentPerth, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name11th Battalion, 4th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/28/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A8 Argyllshire on 19 April 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll11th Battalion
FateDied of wounds 10 August 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death10 August 1915
Age at death28
Place of burialAt Sea
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 34), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 2 March 1915.

Taken on strength, 11th Bn, Gallipoli, 4 June 1915.

Admitted to 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station (shrapnel wound, chest and abdomen), Gallipoli, 23 July 1918; transferred to Hospital Ship 'Somali', 23 July 1915; died of wounds at sea, 10 August 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsAlso known as Adam HAWTHORNE
SourcesNAA: B2455, HAWTHORNE Edward

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