The AIF Project

John Stewart HENDERSON

Regimental number580
Place of birthPicola, victoria
SchoolGrammar School, Toowoomba, QLD
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationClerk
AddressLucinda Street, Taringa, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Next of kinMother, Mrs C Henderson, Qn Bank, Brisbane, Queensland
Enlistment date18 May 1915
Rank on enlistmentCorporal
Unit name26th Battalion, A Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/43/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 24 May 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLance Sergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll26th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularWorked as a Bank Clerk before the start of the War.
FateKilled in Action 29 July 1916
Place of death or woundingPozieres, Somme Sector, France
Age at death25
Age at death from cemetery records25
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
107
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Arthur and Caroline HENDERSON
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 4797 Pte Erle Hamilton HENDERSON, 9th Bn, killed in action, 20 September 1917; 575 Pte Douglas Roy HENDERSON, 26th Bn, killed in action, 29 July 1916; 2828 Pte Arthur Thomas HENDERSON, 9th Bn, returned to Australia, 25 April 1918
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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