The AIF Project

Sydney Gordon HENDERSON

Regimental number932
Place of birthNorth Sydney, New South Wales
SchoolFort Street School, Sydney, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
Address53 Edward Street, North Sydney , New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Height5' 11.25"
Next of kinMother, Mrs H Henderson, 53 Edward Street, North Sydney, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date1 September 1914
Place of enlistmentSydney, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name4th Battalion, H Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/21/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A14 Euripides on 20 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll4th Battalion
FateDied of disease 21 September 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death21 September 1915
Age at death29
Place of burialAt Sea
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 21), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Appointed corporal, 19 October 1914.

Embarked Sydney, 20 October 1914.

Appointed corporal of Platoon No. 16, D Company, 1 January 1915.

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Wounded in action (gun shot wound, left shoulder), Gallipoli, 26 April 1915; admitted to No. 15 General Hospital, Alexandria, 29 April 1915; discharged to duty, 18 May 1915; embarked Alexandria to rejoin 4th Bn, Gallipoli, 20 May 1915.

Admitted to Hospital Ship 'Dunluce Castle' ('septic feet'), Gallipoli, 30 May 1915; transferred to No. 1 Australian General Hospital, Heliopolis, 31 May 1915; transferred to Convalescent Camp, Helouan, 23 June 1915; transferred to 1st Australian General Hospital, Helouan, 29 June 1915; rejoined 4th Bn, Gallipoli, 16 August 1915.

Admitted to No. 1 Australian Casualty Clearing Station, 13 September 1915; transferred to Hospital Ship 'Aquitania', 16 September 1915; died of disease (enteric fever), Hospital Ship 'Aquitania' en route to England, 21 September 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HENDERSON Sydney Gordon

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