The AIF Project

William Joseph HIGGINS

Regimental number1349
Place of birthCoolah, New South Wales
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationFarm hand
AddressCollie Blue, Coolah, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation26
Height5' 7"
Weight143 lbs
Next of kinFather, J Higgins, Collie Blue, Coolah, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date18 November 1914
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name13th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/30/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on 11 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll13th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 9 August 1915
Date of death9 August 1915
Age at death from cemetery records27
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 38), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
69
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John and Alice HIGGINS, Coolah, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 1651 Pte Albert Harley HIGGINS, 45th Bn, died of wounds, 9 August 1918; 4794 Corporal John Thomas HIGGINS, 53rd Bn, returned to Australia, 25 March 1919.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Sydney, 11 February 1915; disembarked Suez, 23 March 1915.

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 30 April 1915.

Killed in action, Gallipoli, 9 August 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HIGGINS William Joseph

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