The AIF Project

John HITCHINGS

Regimental number1325
Place of birthHanley, Staffs, England
SchoolMunicipal Technical School, Hanley Staffs, England
Age on arrival in Australia23
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationCommercial Traveller
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation26
Height5' 7"
Weight132 lbs
Next of kinFather, John Hitchings, Market Street, Hanley, Staffodshire
Previous military serviceServed for 4.5 years in the Ceylon Rifle Brigade
Enlistment date4 December 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll4 December 1914
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularWorked as an Art Designer before the war started.
FateKilled in Action 2 May 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death2 May 1915
Age at death27
Age at death from cemetery records27
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 14), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
29
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: James and Margaret HITCHINGS, Victoria House, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, England
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 2 April 1915.

Reported missing, Gallipoli, 2 May 1915.

Court of Inquiry held in the field, 11 January 1916, pronounced fate as 'killed in action, Gallipoli, 2 May 1915'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HITCHINGS John

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