The AIF Project

Edwin Richard HOLLAND

Regimental number2226
Place of birthSydney, New South Wales
SchoolPublic School, Sydney, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationMiner
AddressPO, Boulder, Western Australia
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation38
Next of kinWife, Mrs Eliza Holland, 455 Hay Street, Perth, Western Australia
Enlistment date22 March 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll23 March 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name16th Battalion, 6th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/33/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A62 Wandilla on 25 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll16th Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Distinguished Conduct Medal and Cross of St George 1st Class


Recommendation date: 14 August 1916

FateKilled in Action 30 August 1916
Place of death or woundingPozieres, Somme Sector, France
Age at death39.2
Age at death from cemetery records39
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
79
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Howard adn Jane HOLLAND; husband of Eliza HOLLAND, 16 Hargrave Street, Paddington, New South Wales
Medals

Distinguished Conduct Medal

'For conspicuous gallantry during four days of operations. He carried out dangerous reconnaissances under heavy fire. Though buried himself, he assisted in rescuing others, and during a counter attack he did great execution with a machine gun.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 62
Date: 19 April 1917

Family/military connectionsBrother: George Holland who died of wounds in active service.

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