The AIF Project

Thomas Edwin HOLLAND

Regimental number211
Place of birthPort Pirie, South Australia
SchoolWagin Public School, Western Australia
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationPlumber
AddressWagin, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Height5' 8.5"
Weight154 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Emily Holland, Wagin, Western Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 2 years in the 25th Light Horse Citizen Forces; served for 1 year in the Senior Cadets
Enlistment date6 October 1914
Place of enlistmentGuildford, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentT/
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, A Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A47 Mashobra on 8 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Light Horse Regiment
FateDied of wounds 31 August 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death21
Age at death from cemetery records21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 9), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
8
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Edward and Emily HOLLAND, Wagin, Western Australia. Native of Port Pirie, South Australia
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Appointed lance corporal, 19 December 1914.

Embarked Fremantle, 8 February 1915.

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 May 1915.

Appointed sergeant, 16 August 1915.

Wounded in action (shrapnel wound, skull), Gallipoli, 29 August 1915; died of wounds, 16th Casualty Clearing Station, Gallipoli, 31 August 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HOLLAND Thomas Edwin

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