The AIF Project

Joseph Benjamin Robert HORNE

Regimental number784
Place of birthVictoria
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationCook
AddressPhillip Street, Beulah, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Next of kinMother, Elizabeth Horne, Phillip Street, Beulah, Victoria
Enlistment date6 April 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name24th Battalion, Headquarters
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/41/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A14 Euripides on 10 May 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll6th Machine Gun Company
FateKilled in Action 9 October 1917
Miscellaneous details (Nominal Roll)*Given name Joseph Benjamin
Place of death or woundingBroodseinde, Passchendaele, Belgium
Age at death from cemetery records21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 31), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
178
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: James adn Elizabeth HORNE, 79 Percy Street, Prospect, South Australia. Commemorated in North Road Church of England Cemetery, Adelaide, South Australia.
Family/military connectionsBrother: 783 Pte Alexander Stainthorpe HORNER, 24th Bn, returned to Australia, 19 July 1919.

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