|Date of birth|
|Place of birth||Waltair, India|
|School||Clifton College, Clifton, England|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Address||c/o Bank of Australasia, Martin Place, Sydney, New South Wales|
|Age at embarkation||39|
|Next of kin||Wife, Mrs F D Irvine, c/o Bank of Australasia, Martin Place, Sydney, New South Wales|
|Previous military service||Gazetted into the Royal Engineers in 1898; served for 14 years in the Indian Army (1899-1913); seconded to the Australian Military Forces as a staff officer (1909-1913)|
|Rank on enlistment||Captain Brigade Major|
|Unit name||23rd Battalion, Headquarters|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A14 Euripides on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Major|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||1st Brigade Headquarters|
|Other details from Roll of Honour Circular||Commissioned, British Army, 15 March 1895; Captain, Royal Engineers, British Army, 15 March 1904; Indian service, January 1899-August 1913 (Waziristan Campaign, 1901-2); GSO II, Australia, 4 years, August 1913 -.|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Gallipoli, Turkey|
|Age at death||40|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 12), Gallipoli, Turkey
The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.
The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.
The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli
Embarked Sydney, 20 October 1914.
Killed in action, Gallipoli, 27 April 1915.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, IRVINE Francis Duncan|