The AIF Project

Francis Duncan IRVINE

Date of birth20 January 1875
Place of birthWaltair, India
SchoolClifton College, Clifton, England
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationSoldier
Addressc/o Bank of Australasia, Martin Place, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation39
Height5' 7"
Weight146 lbs
Next of kinWife, Mrs F D Irvine, c/o Bank of Australasia, Martin Place, Sydney, New South Wales
Previous military serviceGazetted into the Royal Engineers in 1898; served for 14 years in the Indian Army (1899-1913); seconded to the Australian Military Forces as a staff officer (1909-1913)
Enlistment date15 August 1914
Rank on enlistmentCaptain Brigade Major
Unit name23rd Battalion, Headquarters
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A14 Euripides on 20 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollMajor
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Brigade Headquarters
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularCommissioned, British Army, 15 March 1895; Captain, Royal Engineers, British Army, 15 March 1904; Indian service, January 1899-August 1913 (Waziristan Campaign, 1901-2); GSO II, Australia, 4 years, August 1913 -.
FateKilled in Action 27 April 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death40
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 12), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
2
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Sydney, 20 October 1914.

Killed in action, Gallipoli, 27 April 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, IRVINE Francis Duncan

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