The AIF Project

Francis Thomas Joseph KILMARTIN

Regimental number2350
Place of birthNorth Adelaide South Australia
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationBushman
Address179 Tynte Street, North Adelaide, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation30
Next of kinMother, Mrs M Kilmartin, 62 Barton Terrace, North Adelaide, South Australia
Enlistment date27 March 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name16th Battalion, 7th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/33/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A61 Kanowna on 24 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll48th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 8 June 1917
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
146
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 12199 Gunner Denis KILMARTIN, 5th Field Artillery Brigade, returned to Australia, 29 May 1919; 4809 Pte William Victor KILMARTIN, 43rd Bn, returned to Australia, 12 June 1919.

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