The AIF Project

Charles William KNOX

Regimental number4320
Place of birthKillesher, Co Fermanagh, Ireland
SchoolBlue Coat School, Horsham, Sussex, England; Sydney Grammar School, and North Shore Grammar School, Sydney, New South Wales
Age on arrival in Australia13
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationStation overseer
AddressWestmead, Parramatta, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Next of kinFather, William Knox, Westmead, Parramatta, New South Wales
Enlistment date12 September 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name29th Battalion, 11th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/46/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A19 Afric on 3 November 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll29th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 27 September 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Belgium
Age at death from cemetery records23
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
115
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Marie Stuart and the late Rev. William KNOX, 10 Proby Square, Blackrock, Co Dublin, Ireland. Native of Killesher, Co Fermanagh
Family/military connectionsBrother: 509 Corporal Arthur Stewart KNOX, 12th Light Horse, returned to Australia, 30 August 1918 (died 1925); Stepbrother: 1412 Driver William Ethelbert ABBOTT, 2nd Machine Gun Bn, killed in action, Beaurevoir, France, 3 October 1918.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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