The AIF Project

Stanley Carlton MARTIN

Regimental number4488
Place of birthDunolly, Victoria
SchoolWesley College, Victoria
Other trainingMedical and Dental student at Melbourne University
ReligionChurch of England
Address8 Redan Street, St Kilda, Melbourne, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation25.8
Height5' 6"
Weight148 lbs
Next of kinIrvin Martin, 8 Redan Street, St Kilda, Melbourne, Victoria
Previous military serviceServed in the Cadets at Wesley College.
Enlistment date19 July 1915
Place of enlistmentMelbourne, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name22nd Battalion, 11th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/39/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT RMS Orontes on 29 March 1916
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll22nd Battalion
FateKilled in Action 3 May 1917
Place of death or woundingBullecourt, France
Age at death27.5
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Irvin and Mary J. MARTIN, 18 Redan Street, St. Kilda, Victoria
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 4838 Sergeant Hector MARTIN, 45th Bn, returned to Australia, 27 July 1917; 2070 Pte Arthur Robert MARTIN, 1st Australian General Hospital, returned to Australia, 28 January 1916; Sister: Sister Mabel Alice MARTIN, Australian Army Nursing Service, returned to Australia, 22 September 1918.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 7 March 1916; disembarked Suez, 10 April 1916.

Posted for duty to No 2 Australian Stationary Hospital, Canal Zone, 9 May 1916.

Embarked for England, date not recorded.

Admitted to Fargo Military Hospital, 2 July 1916 (poisoned hand); discharged to duty, 19 July 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 13 March 1917; joined 22nd Bn, in the field, 19 March 1917.

Killed in action, 3 May 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, MARTIN Stanley Carlton

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