The AIF Project

John Richardson MITCHELL

Regimental number3833
Place of birthAdelong, New South Wales
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationShop assistant
AddressHercules Street, Garvin Hill, Wollongong, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Height5' 6.5"
Weight144 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs A R Mitchell, Hercules Street, Garvin Hill, Wollongong, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed for 5 months in F Company, AN&MEF; time expired.
Enlistment date12 October 1915
Place of enlistmentHolsworthy, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name20th Battalion, 9th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/37/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 20 January 1916
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll20th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 8 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records23
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
92
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: James John and Alice Rebecca MITCHELL, 9 Hercules Street, Wollongong, New South Wales. Native of Adelong, New South Wales
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsSee 744 John Mitchell Richardson MITCHELL for first period of service.
SourcesNAA: B2455, MITCHELL John Richardson
Red Cross File No 1790604R

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