The AIF Project

Frederick Alexander NAYLOR

Regimental number3150
Place of birthPenguin, Tasmania
SchoolState School, Penguin, Tasmania
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationBank clerk
AddressPenguin, Tasmania
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Next of kinSister, Esther Jessie Dove, Penguin, Tasmania
Enlistment date31 October 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll19 September 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name40th Battalion, 7th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/57/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on 10 February 1917
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll40th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 28 March 1918
Place of death or woundingFrance
Age at death20
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
133
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Henry and Ethel NAYLOR
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 397/479 Sapper Henry Urinston NAYLOR, 3rd Field Company Engineers, returned to Australia, 23 September 1918; 385 Pte Ira Charles NAYLOR, 12th Bn, returned to Australia, 7 January 1916; 386 Pte Urinston Burney Alexander NAYLOR, 52nd Bn, died of wounds, 16 October 1917; 388A Pte Theophilus Metcalf NAYLOR, 49th Bn, returned to Australia, 8 October 1918; 2265 Pte Benjamin Ernleigh NAYLOR, 52nd Bn, killed in action, 16 July 1917.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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