The AIF Project

William Hamilton NICOLL

Regimental number954
Place of birthDundee, Scotland
SchoolMorgan Academy, Dundee, Scotland
Age on arrival in Australia24
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationJournalist
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation33
Next of kinFather, John M Nicoll, 7 Seymour Place, Paradise Road, Dundee, Scotland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date14 September 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll10 September 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name12th Battalion, H Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/29/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board Transport A7 Medic on 2 November 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll12th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour Circular"His grandfather served in the [Royal] Navy during the Napoleonic period and was a seaman aboard the ship which carried Napoleon to Elba. His uncle who bore the same name (William) served in the British Army under Sir Garnet Wolseley and was killed in the Ashanti War." (details from father in Scotland)
FateKilled in Action 2 May 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death33
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 35), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
67
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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