The AIF Project

James ORANGE

Regimental number3973
Place of birthLiverpool, England
SchoolRosegrove Council School, Lancashire, England
Age on arrival in Australia20
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
AddressHermitage Road, Ryde, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Next of kinMother, Mrs Marion Orange, 8 Sunderland Street, Rosegrove, Burnley, Lancashire, England
Previous military serviceServed in the Royal Field Artillery, East LancashireTerritorial Force; discharged to come to Australia.
Enlistment date19 January 1915
Rank on enlistmentDriver
Unit nameField Artillery Brigade 1, Reinforcement 4
AWM Embarkation Roll number13/29/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A8 Argyllshire on 10 April 1915
Rank from Nominal RollDriver
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Divisional Signal Company
FateKilled in Action 24 July 1917
Age at death from cemetery records26
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 7), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
26
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: William and Marion ORANGE, 8 Sunderland Stret, Rosegrove, Burnley, England. Native of Liverpool, England
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Joined the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 20 May 1915.

Found guilty of being absent without leave, 3-23 August 1915, Alexandria: awarded 20 days' Field Punishment No. 2.

Attached to Brigade Headquarters, Tel el Kebir, 4 January 1916.

Embarked from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 21 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 28 March 1916.

Transferred to 1st Divisional Signal Company, 6 June 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 24 July 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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