The AIF Project

Andrew William PARKER

Regimental number2023
Place of birthBredbo, New South Wales
SchoolBredbo Public School, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
AddressMuryumbulla via Cooma, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Next of kinFather, S Parker, Muryumbucca via Cooma, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date25 February 1916
Place of enlistmentGoulburn, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name55th Battalion, 3rd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/72/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A37 Barambah on 23 June 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll35th Battalion
FateDied of wounds 2 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records19
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
126
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Samuel and Elizabeth PARKER, Murrumbucca, Bredbo, New South Wale
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked from Sydney, 23 June 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 25 August 1916. Transferred to 35th Bn, 23 September 1916. Found guilty of failing to salute an officer: awarded 3 days' confined to barracks, 21 October 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 21 November 1916.

Admitted to 7th General Hospital, Boulogne, 15 December 1916; rejoined unit, 5 January 1917.

Wounded in action, 7 June 1917 (gun shot wound, leg); transferred to England, 13 June 1917, and admitted to 1st Southern General Hospital, 14 June 1917. Discharged to furlough, 30 June 1917, to report to Training Depot, Perham Downs, 14 July 1917.

Proceeded overseas to France, 6 August 1917; rejoined unit, 23 August 1917.

Wounded in action, 2 October 1917; died of wounds, 2 October 1917, in the field.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsFather's initial incorrectly recorded on Embarkation Roll as 'M'; address as 'Murrumbulla'.

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