|Place of birth||Hanley, Staffordshire, England|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Address||Wentworthville, New South Wales|
|Age at embarkation||39|
|Next of kin||Wife, Mrs Alice Maud Parkes, Wentworthville, New South Wales|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||45th Battalion, 4th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/62/3|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A18 Wiltshire on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Corporal|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||45th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Age at death from cemetery records||40|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Ebenezer and Matilda PARKES; husband of Alice PARKES, 'Hillview', Dumaresq Street, Gordon, New South Wales. Native of Hanley, Staffs., England|
|Family/military connections||Brother: 188 Pte Sydney Ernest PARKES, 6th Light Horse Regiment, killed in action, 24 May 1915.|
War service: Western Front
Embarked from Sydney, 22 August 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 13 October 1916. Marched in to 12th Training Bn Camp, 18 November 1918. Obtained 1st Class qualification and passed as having fair knowledge of Lewis Gun at 6th Rifle Course, Tidworth, 3-25 January 1917.
Proceeded overseas to France, 18 September 1917; taken on strength, 45th Bn, 30 September 1917. Appointed Corporal, 24 January 1917.
Killed in action, Belgium, 13 October 1917.Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal