The AIF Project

Alexander Smith PATTERSON

Regimental number2222
Place of birth'Kinellar', Sherwood Road, Toowong, Queensland
SchoolBrisbane Boys Grammar School, Queensland
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationStudent
Address'Kienellar', Sherwood Road, Toowong, Brisbane, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Next of kinFather, Charles Patterson, 'Kienellar', Sherwood Road, Toowong, Brisbane, Queensland
Previous military serviceServed in the Compulsory Training Scheme.
Enlistment date10 May 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name15th Battalion, 6th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/32/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A63 Karoola on 12 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll15th Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Military Medal


Recommendation date: 27 August 1916

Other details from Roll of Honour Circular'He was a runner and won the Military Medal at Pozieres.' (details from father)
FateKilled in Action 27 August 1916
Place of death or woundingMouquet Farm, Pozieres, France
Age at death19.7
Age at death from cemetery records19
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
77
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Charles and Barbara PATTERSON, "Kinellar", Sherwoood Road, Toowong, Queensland
Medals

Military Medal


Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 62
Date: 19 April 1917

Family/military connectionsHe had four brothers serving in the AIF: 734 Pte Gordon Stanley PATTERSON, 31st Bn, returned to Australia, 5 July 1919; 766 Pte Raymond Mitchell PATTERSON, 1st Machine Gun Bn, returned to Australia, 20 June 1919; two others who cannot be identified.

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