The AIF Project

John Ernest PENDLEBURY

Regimental number830
Place of birthHorsham, Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationFarm hand
AddressKanumbra via Yea, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Next of kinJ T Pendlebury, Kanumbra via Yea, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date29 August 1914
Rank on enlistmentBatman
Unit nameField Artillery Brigade 2, Head-Quarters
AWM Embarkation Roll number13/30/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A9 Shropshire on 20 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Divisional Signal Company
FateKilled in Action 15 August 1917
Age at death from cemetery records30
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 7), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
26
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John Thomas and Isabella PENDLEBURY, Penniger Street, Broadford,Victoria
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Joined Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 8 April 1915.

Promoted Corporal, 30 November 1915.

Disembarked Alexandria, 27 December 1915 (general Gallipoli evacuation).

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 22 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 28 March 1916.

Transferred to 1st Divisional Signal Company, 6 June 1917.

Attached to 2nd Field Artillery Brigade, 6 June 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 15 August 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Father requested that the Star of David be inscribed on his headstone; Base Records advised, 6 November 1920, that perhaps the family was not aware 'that this is the customary emblem of the Jewish Faith, and as the late soldier was a member of the Church of England, it is thought you would perfer to have the Cross inscribed.' [Given that Corporal PENDLEBURY had no known grave, it is not clear why in 1920 there was correspondence with his family about the emblem to be displayed on his headstone.]

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