|Place of birth||Neutral Bay, Sydney, New South Wales|
|Address||60 Undercliff Street, Neutral Bay, Sydney, New South Wales|
|Age at embarkation||25|
|Next of kin||Father, James Phelps, 60 Undercliff Street, Neutral Bay, Sydney, New South Wales|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Rank on enlistment||Sapper|
|Unit name||7th Field Company Engineers, Reinforcement 4|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||14/26/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A67 Orsova on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Sapper|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||7th Field Company Engineers|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Age at death from cemetery records||26|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 7), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: James and Maria PHELPS, 60 Undercliff Street, Neutral Bay, New South Wales|
|Family/military connections||Brothers: 15762 Driver Arthur Milliard PHELPS, 15th Field Company Engineers, returned to Australia, 22 May 1919; 5014 Driver Herbert Lindsay PHELPS, 14th Field Company Engineers, returned to Australia, 8 May 1919.|
War service: Egypt, Western Front
Disembarked Alexandria, Egypt, 14 April 1916, and joined Miscellaneous Reinforcements.
Embarked for England, 28 May 1916. Found guilty,14 August 1916, of drunk while in town on active service; of creating a disturbance; and of hesitating to obey an order given by an NCO: awarded 14 days' detention.
Proceeded overseas to France, 11 November 1916, to join 7th Field Company Engineers. On leave to England, 27 August 1917; rejoined unit from leave, 11 September 1917.
Killed in action, 4 October 1917. Buried in isolated grave, Moulins Farm, Zonnebeke, 4.75 miles E.N.E. of Ypres, Belgium. Grave lost in subsequent fighting.
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal