The AIF Project

Frederick William TOOTH

Regimental number2816
Date of birth4 June 1895
Place of birthSydney, New South Wales
SchoolToorak State School, Victoria
OccupationMotor mechanic
Address3 Clarendon Road, Armadale, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Next of kinFather, H Tooth, 3 Clarendon Road, Armadale, Victoria
Previous military serviceServed in the Senior Cadets, Citizen Military Forces, for 12 months.
Enlistment date2 August 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll24 July 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name23rd Battalion, 6th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/40/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 27 October 1915
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll59th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 26 September 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death22.3
Age at death from cemetery records22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Harry and Margaret Isabella TOOTH, 3 Clarendon Road, Armadale, Victoria. Native of Sydney, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsFather: 164 Pte Harry TOOTH, 1st Remount Unit, returned to Australia, 18 October 1916; Brother: 4221 Lance Corporal Sidney Robert TOOTH, 22nd Bn, returned to Australia, 4 May 1917.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Taken on strength, 58th Bn, Tel el Kebir, 23 February 1916. Transferred to 59th Bn, 15 March 1916. To hospital, 26 April 1916 (tonsillitis); rejoined unit, 4 May 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 18 June 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 29 June 1916.

Wounded in action, 19 July 1916 (shell shock); transferred to 8th Casualty Clearing Station, 21 July 1916; to 3rd Canadian Stationary Hospital, Boulogne, 22 July 1916; transferred to England, 31 July 1916, and admitted to 3rd Northern General Hospital. Transferred to Delhi Military Hospital, Tidworth, 11 September 1916; discharged to No. 1 Command Depot, Perham Downs, 20 September 1916. Proceeded overseas to France, 2 February 1917; rejoined Bn, 9 February 1917.

On command, 5th Army Musketry School, 13 May 1917; rejoined Bn, 20 May 1917. Appointed Lance Corporal, 15 June 1917; Corporal, 19 September 1917.

Killed in action, 26 September 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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