The AIF Project

Ernest Abraham WESTERBERG

Regimental number1022
Place of birthMount Barker, South Australia
SchoolState School
ReligionChurch of England
AddressNatimuk, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation31
Height5' 8.5"
Weight164 lbs
Next of kinFriend, Mrs Mary Annie Jackman, Southport PO, Queensland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date21 February 1916
Place of enlistmentHorsham, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name38th Battalion, C Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/55/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 20 June 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll38th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 11 October 1917
Place of death or woundingBelgium
Age at death33
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 20 June 1916; admitted to ship's hospital at sea, 19 July 1916 (chill); discharged from hospital, 22 July 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 10 August 1916.

Struck of strength of unit, medically unfit (irregularities with mouth bite), 18 November 1916.

Proeeded overseas to France, 4 February 1917; rejoined 38th Bn, in the field, 7 February 1917.

Wounded in action, 23 February 1917 (gun shot wound, eyebrow); admitted to 9th Australian Field Ambulance, 24 February 1917; transferred to 15th Casualty Clearing Station, 25 February 1917; rejoined unit, in the field, 10 March 1918.

Wounded in action (second occasion), 7 June 1917 (gassed), and admitted to 9th Australian Field Ambulance; transferred to 2nd Casualty Clearing Station, 8 June 1917; to 4th Stationary Hospital, Arques, 9 June 1917; to No 7 Convalescent Depot, Boulogne, 16 June 1918; to 3rd Division Rest Camp, 24 June 1917; rejoined unit, in the field, 4 August 1918.

Reported wounded in action, Belgium, 13 October 1917; subsequently confirmed killed in action, 13 October 1917.

Buried near Regimental Aid Post Otto Farm; grave subsequently lost.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, WESTERBERG Ernest Abraham

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