The AIF Project

William CALDERWOOD

Regimental number419
Place of birthBelfast, Co Antrim, Ireland
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
Address72 Cantonment Street, Fremantle, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation31
Height5' 9.25"
Weight170 lbs
Next of kin..., Miss J.J. Harrison, Albert Street, Cottesloe Beach, Western Australia
Previous military serviceServed in the Royal Navy for 12 years (discharged on termination of service).
Enlistment date15 August 1914
Place of enlistmentHelena Vale, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentLance Corporal
Unit name11th Battalion, D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/28/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 31 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll11th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnlisted 15 August 1914; taken on strength 11th Bn, 6 October 1914; appointed Lance Corporal, 1 September 1914.
FateKilled in Action 25 April 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death25 April 1915
Age at death32
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 33), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
61
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 2 March 1916.

Wounded in action, 25 April 1915. Court of Enquiry, Fletre, France, 10 April 1916, determined fate as killed in action, 25 April 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CALDERWOOD William

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