The AIF Project

Arthur Joshua Stevenson CALDWELL

Regimental number162
Place of birthKamarooka, Victoria
SchoolState School, Victoria
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationFarmer
AddressMurphy Street, Bendigo, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Height5' 6"
Weight145 lbs
Next of kinFather, John Thomas Caldwell, Murphy Street, Bendigo, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date15 January 1915
Place of enlistmentBendigo, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name13th Light Horse Regiment, C Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/18/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A34 Persic on 28 May 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll21st Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularSergeant G Arthur (no relation), 20th Battalion, MM was with him when killed
FateKilled in Action 13 March 1917
Place of death or woundingGrevillers, France
Age at death27
Age at death from cemetery records27
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
93
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John and Agnes CALDWELL. Born at Kamarooka, Victoria
Family/military connectionsCousin: Lance Corporal J. CALDWELL 5th Battalion, MM; Brother: Lance Corporal A.V. CALDWELL MM, 2nd Machine Gun Bn, returned to Australia, 7 February 1919.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 4 September 1915.

Disembarked Alexandria, ex-Mudros, 8 January 1916.

Marched into 1st Light Horse Training Regiment, Tel el Kebir, 17 April 1916.

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 10 June 1916.

Transferred to 3rd Australian Division Headquarters, France, 10 June 1916; taken on strength of 3rd Australian Division Headquarters, 12 June 1916.

Transferred to 13th Light Horse Regiment, 28 August 1916, and marched into 13th Light Horse Details, England, the same day.

Attached to 3rd Australian Divisional Train, 31 August 1916.

Transferred to 21st Bn, 28 October 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 16 November 1916; marched into 2nd Australian Divisional Base Depot, 17 November 1916.

Taken on strength of 21st Bn, in the field, 2 December 1916.

Killed in action, 13 March 1917.

Buried in isolated grave near fork in road at Grevillers, 2 miles west of Bapaume, 2 miles south-west of Grevillers.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CALDWELL Arthur Joshua Stevenson

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