The AIF Project

Robert CAMERON

Regimental number2582
Place of birthNhill, Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
AddressKingston, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Height5' 9"
Weight140 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Bella Cameron, Kingston, South Australia
Previous military serviceAustralian Naval Reserve (6 months)
Enlistment date19 April 1915
Place of enlistmentKeswick, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Battalion, 7th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/27/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A61 Kanowna on 23 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnisted 13 April 1915; taken on strength 10th Bn 17 September 1915.
FateKilled in Action 20 August 1916
Place of death or woundingPozieres, Somme Sector, France
Age at death21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
58
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Found guilty, no date stated, of whilst on active service, being absent from musketry parade on 20 August 1915: awarded 4 days' confined to camp.

Found guilty, 26 August 1915, of whilst on active service, being absent from defaulters' parade: awarded 3 days' confined to camp.

Proceeded to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 11 September 1915; taken on strength of 10th Bn, Gallipoli Peninsula, 17 September 1915.

Admitted to No 3 Field Ambulance, Gallipoli Peninsula, 7 October 1915 (dermatitis); transferred to No 1 Australian Casualty Clearing Station, Gallipoli Peninsula, 7 October 1915; to Hospital Ship, 7 October 1915; to No 1 Australian Stationary Hospital, Mudros, 12 October 1915 (mumps and erysipelas); to No 16 Stationary Hospital, Mudros, 25 October 1915; to No 24 Casualty Clearing Station, Mudros, 6 November 1915; discharged, 11 November 1915 (Class 'A').

Proceeded to rejoined unit, 14 November 1915; rejoined 10th Bn, 25 November 1915.

Disembarked Alexandria, 29 December 1915.

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 27 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 3 April 1916.

Found guilty, 28 April 1916, of being drunk: awarded 48 hours' Field Punishment No 2.

Killed in action, 20 August 1916.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CAMERON Robert

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