The AIF Project

Duncan CAMPBELL

Regimental number4661
Place of birthAuckland, New Zealand
SchoolSt Mary's Catholic Convent, Christchurch, New Zealand
Age on arrival in Australia19
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationHawker
Address2 Mackenzie Street, Waverley, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Next of kinMother, Mrs N Campbell, Beaby, 140 Beaby Avenue, Christchurch, New Zealand
Enlistment date21 January 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll20 January 1916
Place of enlistmentCasula, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name18th Battalion, 12th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/35/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A40 Ceramic on 13 April 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll18th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnlisted, 12 June 1917, 8th Reinf., 33rd Bn. Taken on strength, 33rd Bn, 22 January 1918. Mortally wounded, 30 March 1918.
FateKilled in Action 8 October 1917
Place of death or woundingPasschendaele, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death22
Age at death from cemetery records24
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
85
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Donald and Nona CAMPBELL, 171 Springfield Rd, St Albans, Christchurch, New Zealand. Native of New Zealand
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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