The AIF Project

James CAMPBELL

Regimental number1074
Place of birthDaylesford, Victoria
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationGrocer
AddressPort Sorrell, Tasmania
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation22
Height6' 0"
Weight156 lbs
Next of kinFather, A Campbell, Port Sorrell, Tasmania
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date27 April 1915
Place of enlistmentClaremont, Tasmania
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name26th Battalion, D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/43/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 29 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll26th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularEnlisted 27 April, 1915. T.O.S. 26 Bn. 15 May 1915
FateKilled in Action 5 August 1916
Place of death or woundingPozieres, Somme Sector, France
Age at death22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
107
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force (Gallipoli Campaign), 4 September 1915.

Disembarked Alexandria, ex-Mudros, 9 January 1916.

Found guilty, Tel el Kebir, 18 January 1916, of being absent without leave from 2115 hours, 16 January 1916, until 2115 hours, 17 January 1916: awarded 48 hours' Field Punishment No 2, and forfeits 2 days' pay.

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 15 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 21 March 1916.

Admitted to No 6 Australian Field Ambulance, 3 June 1916, and transferred to 2nd Divisional Rest Station the same day (influenza); discharged, 16 June 1916; rejoined 26th Bn, 17 June 1916.

Posted as missing in action, 5 August 1916.

Now, 9 September 1916, reported as 'Killed in Action, 5 August 1916'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CAMPBELL James

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