|Place of birth||Bendigo, Victoria|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Age at embarkation||22|
|Next of kin||Wife, Mrs C.M. Campbell, Gormanston, Tasmania|
|Previous military service||Cadets|
|Place of enlistment||Queenstown, Tasmania|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||No 1 Australian General Hospital|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board A62 Wandilla on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||2nd Field Ambulance|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.
The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.
On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.
After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
Attached to No 1 Australian Casualty Clearing Station, Anzac, 9 September 1915.
Admitted to No 1 Australian Casualty Clearing Station, 26 October 1915, and transferred to a Hospital Ship the same day (rheumatism); to No 2 Australian General Hospital, Ghezireh, 30 October 1915; to Ras el Tin Convalescent Camp, 3 December 1915; discharged, 11 December 1915.
Admitted to No 1 Australian General Hospital, Heliopolis, 28 January 1916 (otitis media); on Dangerously Ill List, 1 February 1916; now, 2 February 1916, out of danger; again dangerously ill, 26 February 1916; out of danger, 29 February 1916; transferred to Montaza Convalescent Depot, 13 March 1916; discharged to Overseas Base, Ghezireh, 21 March 1916.
Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, no date stated; disembarked Marseilles, France, 6 April 1916.
Found guilty, Rouen, 27 April 1916, of being absent without leave from 2200 hours, 25 April 1916, to 2100 hours, 26 April 1916: awarded 168 hours' Field Punishment No 2.
Found guilty, 31 May 1916, of failing to appear on parade for inoculation when warned to do so: awarded 48 hours' Field Punishment No 2.
Found guilty, of (1) of being absent from parade; (2) being absent from duty from 0645 hours, until 0735 hours, 16 November 1916: awarded 3 days' Field Punishment No 2.
Found guilty, 7 December 1916, of when on active service, disobedience; (2) being out of bounds: awarded 1 day's Field Punishment No 2.
Admitted to No 1 Australian General Hospital, Rouen, 6 February 1917 (earache); discharged to duty at No 1 Australian General Hospital, Rouen, 12 February 1917.
Transferred to No 2 Australian Field Ambulance, 31 March 1917; taken on strength of No 2 Australian Field Ambulance, 1 April 1917.
Killed in action, 5 May 1917.
Buried Sh 57c NW C24.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, CAMPBELL James|