The AIF Project

William CAWLEY

Regimental number287
Place of birthPerth, Western Australia
SchoolSt Carthage Convent School Catholic, Lismore, New South Wales
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationLabourer
AddressBallina Street, Richmond River, Lismore, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation23
Next of kinFather, J W Cawley, Ballina Street, Richmond River, Lismore, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date13 April 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name26th Battalion, B Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/43/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 24 May 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll26th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularDied of pneumonia
FateDied of disease 2 December 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death24
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 67), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
107
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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