The AIF Project

Stanley Robert CLOSE

Date of birth19 March 1895
OccupationState school teacher
Address91 Bond Street, Ballarat East, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Height5' 9"
Weight161 lbs
Next of kinR M Close, 91 Bond Street, Ballarat East, Victoria
Previous military serviceServed in the Citizen Military Forces (successively as Private, Sergeant, Lieutenant).
Enlistment date28 August 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll20 August 1914
Rank on enlistment2nd Lieutenant
Unit name8th Battalion, H Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/25/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A24 Benalla on 19 October 1914
Rank from Nominal Roll2nd Lieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll8th Battalion
FateDied of wounds 28 April 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death20
Place of burialAt sea
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 30), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
52
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Commemorated on Roll of Honour, Peacock Hall, Ballarat High School, Victoria.
Family/military connectionsBrothers: 607 Corporal Hector Norman CLOSE, 31st Bn, died of wounds, 17 April 1918; 34984 Gunner Leslie Gordon CLOSE, 5th Field Artillery Brigade, returned to Australia, 8 April 1919.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Wounded in action, landing operations, 25 April 1915 (gun shot wounds, head).

Transferred to HT 'Lutzow', and died of wounds, 28 April 1915.

Buried at sea off Mitylene.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CLOSE Stanley Robert

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