The AIF Project

Thomas Edmond CRONIN

Regimental number4283
Place of birthNewtownsands, Co Kerry, Ireland
ReligionRoman Catholic
AddressPolice station, Mitcham, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Height5' 9.25"
Weight160 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Margaret Cronin, Knockanure, Newtownsands, County Kerry, Ireland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date19 April 1915
Place of enlistmentKeswick, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit nameAustralian Stationary Hospital 1, Reinforcement 8
AWM Embarkation Roll number26/70/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT RMS Morea on 26 August 1915
Miscellaneous details (Nominal Roll)Name does not appear on Nominal Roll
Age at death from cemetery records24
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Thomas and Margaret CRONIN, Knockanure, Newtownsandes, Limerick, Ireland
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked Adelaide, 26 August 1915.

Attached to 1st Australian Stationary Hospital, Mudros, for duty, 28 October 1915; transferred to Lowlands Casualty Clearing Station, 13 December 1915; transferred to South Pier for Hospital Ship, 17 December 1915; disembarked Alexandria, Egypt, 29 December 1915.

Admitted to 1st Australian Stationary Hospital, Ismailia, 18 July 1916 (sick); discharged to duty, 24 July 1916.

Marched in to Royal Army Medical Corps, Mustapha, 24 August 1916; proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 14 September 1916; marched in to Weymouth Command Depot, England, 28 September 1916; marched in to Convalescent Hospital, Dartford, 28 September 1916; marched in to Hurdcott Command Depot, and classified 'Class A', 28 October 1916; transferred to Convalescent Hospital, Dartford, 27 November 1917; transferred to 10th Bn Details, 24 February 1917; proceeded overseas to France, 25 February 1917; marched in to 1st Australian Division Base Depot, Etaples, France, 26 February 1917; marched out to unit, 2 March 1917; taken on strength of 10th Bn, 4 March 1917.

Killed in action, France, 7 May 1917.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, CRONIN Thomas Edmond

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