The AIF Project

Arthur Kingsley DARBY

Regimental number2161
Place of birthAlbury, New South Wales
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationHarnessmaker
Address127 Flinders Street, Moore Park, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation29
Height5' 6"
Weight126 lbs
Next of kinWife, Mrs C.V. Darby, 127 Flinders Street, Moore Park, New South Wales
Enlistment date18 July 1915
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentSapper
Unit name1st Field Company Engineers, Reinforcement 11
AWM Embarkation Roll number14/20/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A72 Beltana on 9 November 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll4th Field Company Engineers
FateKilled in Action 28 August 1916
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
23
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Town. Sydney, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsPreviously service with Naval and Military Expeditionary Force, see 960 Arthur Kingsley DARBY.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Taken on strength of 1st Field Company, Tel el Kebir, 28 December 1915.

Transferred to, and taken of strength of 4th Field Company, Tel el Kebir, 22 January 1916.

Promoted Lance Corporal, Moascar, 1 February 1916.

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 1 June 1916; disembarked Marseilles, France, 9 June 1916.

Killed in action, 28 August 1916.

Reported buried by Captain B.W. Thomas.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, DARBY Arthur Kingsley

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