The AIF Project

Charles Samuel ADAMS

Regimental number1622
Date of birth1880
Place of birthDaylesford, Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationHorse driver
AddressKalgoorlie, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation35
Height5' 10.5"
Weight132 lbs
Next of kinBrother, Mr Alfred Adams, President Street, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date24 January 1916
Place of enlistmentBlackboy Hill, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name51st Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/68/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 17 April 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll51st Battalion
FateKilled in Action 3 September 1916
Place of death or woundingMouquet Farm, Pozieres, France
Date of death3 September 1916
Age at death35
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
152
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Embarked Alexandria, 6 June 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 16 June 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 17 July 1916; taken on strength, 51st Bn, in the field, 21 August 1916.

Reported Missing in Action, 3 September 1916.

Court of Enquiry, held in the field, 23 April 1917, pronounced fate as 'Killed in Action, 3 September 1916'.

Handwritten notation on Form B103: 'Memorial Cross erected at R27d 3.3, Sheet 57d S.E.'

Note on Red Cross File No 0020206A: 'No trace Germany. Cert by Capt. Mills. 10.10.19'.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, ADAMS Charles Samuel
Red Cross File No 0020206A

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