The AIF Project

Martin Russell DAWSON

Regimental number1536
Place of birthRothermay, Scotland
Place of birthDundee, Scotland
SchoolDundee High School, Scotland
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationClerk accountant
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation36
Next of kinFather, D R Dawson, Dundee, Scotland
Previous military serviceServed in the Fife and Forfarshire Light Horse in the South African War.
Enlistment date22 September 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name14th Battalion, 3rd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/31/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 19 February 1915
Regimental number from Nominal Roll511
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll16th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularTravelled all over the world. Came home to join up for South African War: joined ranks from preference, raised to commission, and mentioned repeatedly in despatches. Severely wounded in S.A. war. Travelled far to reach Melbourne to join up for the war: again chose ranks! Recommended for commission. A few days before his 'fall' once severely wounded. (details from sister)
FateKilled in Action 27 August 1915
Place of death or woundingHill 60, Gallipoli, Turkey
Age at death from cemetery records42
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
79
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: David Russell and Annabella Martin McDonald Vass DAWSON, Taycliffe, Tayport, Fife, Scotland
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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