The AIF Project

Robert Twentyman FAIRCLOUGH

Regimental number591
Date of birth20 July 1884
Place of birthStanwell, Victoria
SchoolSt Paul's (Church of England) School, Hammersmith, London, England
ReligionChurch of England
Address93 Mathoura Road, Toorak, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation30
Height5' 6.75"
Weight145 lbs
Next of kinMrs Fairclough, 93 Mathoura Road, Toorak, Victoria
Previous military serviceServed in the School Cadets (St Paul's School, Hammersmith, England).
Enlistment date20 August 1914
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name5th Battalion, F Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/22/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A3 Orvieto on 21 October 1914
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal Roll2nd Lieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll6th Battalion

2nd Lieutenant

Unit: INF6
Promotion date: 13 May 1915

FateKilled in Action 7 August 1915
Place of death or woundingLone Pine, Gallipoli
Age at death35
Age at death from cemetery records31
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 25), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: William and Hannah FAIRCLOUGH, Toorak, Victoria. Native of Stawell.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Transferred from 5th Bn to 6th Bn, Gallipoli, 12 May 1915.

Promoted 2nd Lieutenant, Gallipoli, 13 May 1915.

Reported missing following an attack on German Officer's Trench, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915.

Court of Enquiry, held at Erquingham, 24 April 1916, pronounced fate as 'Killed in Action, 7 August 1915'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, FAIRCLOUGH Robert Twentyman
Red Cross File no 1030703E

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