The AIF Project

Victor Emanuel FARR

Regimental number828
Place of birthTamworth, New South Wales
SchoolPublic School, New South Wales
ReligionRoman Catholic
AddressMiddle Camp, Catherine Hill Bay, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Height6' 3"
Weight182 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs M Drummond, Middle Camp, Catherine Hill Bay, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date29 August 1914
Place of enlistmentRandwick, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name1st Battalion, G Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/18/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A19 Afric on 18 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Battalion
FateKilled in Action 25-29 April 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death20
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 14), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Thomas and Mary FARR. Native of Tamworth, New South Wales
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 5 April 1915.

Reported wounded and missing in action, 25-29 April 1915; Court of Enquiry, Tel el Kebir, 11 January 1916, concluded fate as killed in action, 25-29 April 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Mother advised by cable, 15 June 1915: 'Regret son ... wounded not seriously no other particulars available ...' Mother wrote to Army, 30 July 1915: '... no news since. I am very much worried about him.' Base Records, Melbourne, replied: ' ... he is not reported as seriously wounded, and Egypt advises in the absence of further reports, it is to be assumed all wounds are progressing satisfactorily. It is regretted that the nature of his wound and the hospital in which he is located are at present unknown.' Mrs Drummond then wrote to the Minister for Defence, Senator George Pearce, on 23 August 1915, as did Alexander Gilion JP, to whom Mrs Drummond had also written. Base Records replied, 6 September 1915, saying that Sen. Pearce had no more information, and requesting Mrs Drummond to supply the name, number and unit of the soldier who had told her that her son was missing, concluding: 'we will enquire on her behalf'. Base Records wrote, 6 September 1915, ' ... our reports from Egypt are, on the whole, very accurate, and the percentage of errors which creep in very small.' Mrs Drummond wrote back, 10 September 1915: 'I was very much disappointed to learn that you could not supply me with any information with regards to my son ... this is the young man that said he was reported missing in the trenches: 647 F. Mathers, 2nd Bn, Machine Gun Section. P.S. It is almost 15 weeks since I received a cable saying he was wounded [and] it is very odd that I have had no word from him before this as he used to write so regular before. [T]he last letter I received from him was written on April 24.'

Mrs Drummond then wrote to her local MP, Matt Charlton, 6 October 1915: 'If you have a son at the front you will have an idea what it is like to wait for months for news, it is very trying indeed.' Base Records replied to Charlton, 22 October 1915: '... cable has been received - "Farr was reported wounded on 25th April and the matter was being investigated".' The Military Records Branch, Australian Military Office, London, reported, 7 December 1915: '... our records show was wounded early in June'.
SourcesNAA: B2455, FARR Victor Emanuel

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