The AIF Project

Basil Middleton FENWICK

Regimental number109
Place of birthPool, Yorkshire, England
Place of birthLeeds, England
SchoolHaileybury College, England
Age on arrival in Australia25
ReligionChurch of England
AddressNannine, Western Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation29
Height5' 10"
Weight168 lbs
Next of kinC C R Fenwick, Penrydding, Yorkshire, England
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date5 October 1914
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll15 October 1914
Place of enlistmentGuildford, Western Australia
Rank on enlistmentCorporal
Unit name10th Light Horse Regiment, A Squadron
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/15/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A47 Mashobra on 8 February 1915
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
FateKilled in Action 7 August 1915
Place of death or woundingRussell's Top, Walker's Ridge, Gallipoli
Age at death30
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 9), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Commemorated (marble tablet, 'For God, King, and Country') in St George's Cathedral, Perth, Western Australia
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 May 1915.

Wounded in action, Gallipoli, 30 May 1915 (gun shot wound right shoulder).

Admitted to No. 1 Australian General Hospital, Heliopolis, 7 June 1915; to convalescent camp, Holouan, 22 June 1915.

Promoted Sergeant, Gallipoli, 1 August 1915.

Killed in action, Walker's Ridge, Gallipoli, 7 August 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, FENWICK Basil Middleton

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