|Place of birth||Bute, South Australia|
|Address||Bute, South Australia|
|Age at embarkation||18|
|Next of kin||Father, Joseph Philbey, Bute, South Australia|
|Previous military service||Nil (exempt area under Compulsory Military Training scheme)|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||48th Battalion, 3rd Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/65/3|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||48th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
War service: Western Front
Embarked from Adelaide, 12 July 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 9 September 1916. Proceeded overseas to France, 20 November 1916; taken on strength, 48th Bn, 9 December 1916.
Admitted to 39th Casualty Clearing Station, 5 December 1916 (mumps); transferred to 24th General Hospital, Etaples, 8 December 1916; to 18th General Hospital, Camiers, 18 December 1916; to 4th Australian Division Base Depot, Etaples, 4 January 1917; rejoined Bn, 23 January 1917.
Killed in action, Belgium, 12 October 1917Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal